Capabilities and Limitations of AI-generated Text: What ChatGPT says about itself

In today’s increasingly digital world, AI-generated text has become a powerful tool for generating ideas, organizing thoughts, and even writing entire articles. However, it is important to understand the capabilities and limitations of AI-generated text, especially in the academic setting. This article is intended to provide an overview of the capabilities and limitations of AI-generated text, specifically focusing on ChatGPT, one of the most popular language models. It also provides guidance on how to use it as a tool to support writing efforts, and how to prevent plagiarism while using it. This guide is intended for students, teachers and instructors who want to understand the use of AI-generated text in the academic setting and how to use it responsibly.

As a language model, ChatGPT has several strengths, including:

  • Generating coherent and fluent text: ChatGPT is able to generate coherent and fluent text based on the input it receives.
  • Generating a wide range of text: ChatGPT is able to generate a wide range of text, including stories, summaries, articles and more.
  • Generating text in multiple languages: ChatGPT is able to generate text in multiple languages, including English, Spanish, Chinese, and more.
  • Generating text quickly: ChatGPT is able to generate text quickly, which can be useful in many different applications.
  • Generating text based on different styles: ChatGPT is able to generate text based on different styles, such as formal or informal, technical or creative, and more.
  • Generating text with good grammar and structure: ChatGPT is able to generate text with good grammar and structure, which can be useful for tasks such as text summarization and text completion.
  • Supporting natural language processing tasks: ChatGPT can be used to support a wide range of natural language processing tasks such as text summarization, text completion, text generation, and more.
  • Supporting creativity: ChatGPT can be used to support creativity by generating new ideas, helping to organize thoughts and generating new text based on the input it receives.

In contrast, ChatGPT has several limitations, including:

  • Lack of originality: ChatGPT, like other language models, is not capable of originality, it is based on the input and data it was trained on, and can be easily replicated by other users.
  • Lack of understanding of the context: ChatGPT can lack understanding of the context of the input it receives, and may produce text that is not coherent or relevant.
  • Limited understanding of the topic: ChatGPT may not have a deep understanding of the topic it is generating text about, and may produce text that is superficial or inaccurate.
  • Limited understanding of the audience: ChatGPT may not have a good understanding of the audience it is generating text for and may produce text that is not appropriate or engaging for that audience.
  • Limited ability to understand the intent of the input: ChatGPT may not understand the intent behind the input, it may produce text that is not relevant or coherent.
  • Limited ability to understand the tone: ChatGPT may not understand the tone of the input, and may produce text that is not appropriate for the context or audience.
  • Limited ability to understand ethical issues: ChatGPT may not understand the ethical issues surrounding its use, such as plagiarism, and may produce text that is not appropriate for the academic setting.

It’s important to keep these strengths and limitations in mind when using ChatGPT and other language models, and use them as a tool to support your own efforts, rather than as a replacement for your own writing abilities. Additionally, it’s important to proofread and revise the text, and to use plagiarism detection software and other tools to ensure that the text is original.

It’s possible that some students may become reliant on using a language model like ChatGPT to write their articles, and as a result, may not put in as much effort to develop their own writing skills. However, the use of a language model can also be a valuable tool for helping students to generate ideas and organize their thoughts, which can ultimately lead to better writing. It is important for students to use language models as a tool to support their own efforts, rather than as a replacement for their own writing abilities.

There is a case that a student fully copy and paste ChatGPT answers for their assignment. And I think it would be common issue in the future. However, it would be dishonest and academically unethical for a student to submit a work as their own that they have fully copied and pasted from any source, including ChatGPT responses. Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic integrity and can result in serious consequences, such as failure of the assignment, the course, or even expulsion from the school. Additionally, it doesn’t help the student to learn or to develop their own critical thinking, writing and research skills. It would be much better for the student to use ChatGPT responses as a reference or inspiration, and to put effort into understanding the material and rephrasing it in their own words.

There are several tools and methods that can be used to detect plagiarism in student assignments, including:

  • Plagiarism detection software: These are programs that can scan a document and compare it to a database of other documents to identify any matching text.
  • Manual review: This involves a teacher or other instructor reading the assignment and comparing it to other sources, such as my responses or other students’ work, to identify any similarities.
  • Originality reports: Some plagiarism detection software can generate an originality report, which shows the percentage of the text that matches other sources.
  • Turnitin: This is one of the most popular plagiarism detection software, which compares a document to a database of over 70 billion web pages and 160 million student papers.

It’s important to note that, as an AI model, ChatGPT responses are not a unique piece of work, they are generated based on the input it received and the data it was trained on. Therefore, it’s crucial for teachers and instructors to be aware of the possibility of students using ChatGPT responses or other language model generated text, and to set clear guidelines and expectations for original work.

Here are a few guidelines that teachers and instructors can use to help prevent plagiarism and ensure that students are submitting original work:

  • Clearly define plagiarism: Make sure that students understand what constitutes plagiarism, including the use of my responses or other language model generated text.
  • Establish a plagiarism policy: Create a written policy that outlines the consequences of plagiarism, such as failure of the assignment, the course, or even expulsion from the school.
  • Encourage proper citation: Teach students how to properly cite any sources they use, including my responses or other language model generated text. This will help them to understand the importance of giving credit where credit is due.
  • Provide resources for understanding plagiarism: Offer resources such as tutorials, videos or brochures that explain the importance of original work and the consequences of plagiarism.
  • Set clear expectations for original work: Clearly communicate to students what is expected of them in terms of original work, including the minimum percentage of original text that must be included in their assignments.
  • Use plagiarism detection software: Use plagiarism detection software or online tools to check for matching text between the student’s work and my responses or other sources.
  • Review assignments manually: Read through the assignments and compare them to other sources, such as my responses or other students’ work, to identify any similarities.
  • Educate students about responsible use of AI-generated text: Make sure that students understand the ethical issues surrounding the use of AI-generated text and the importance of original work in the academic setting.

By following these guidelines, teachers and instructors can help students to understand the importance of original work and the consequences of plagiarism, and to develop their own critical thinking, writing and research skills.

There are a few ways to increase teachers’ and instructors’ awareness about the use of AI-generated text in student assignments, such as:

  • Provide training and resources: Offer training and resources that help teachers and instructors understand the capabilities and limitations of AI-generated text, and how to identify it.
  • Communicate with teachers and instructors: Encourage open communication with teachers and instructors, so they can ask questions and share concerns about the use of AI-generated text in student assignments.
  • Share best practices: Share best practices and guidelines with teachers and instructors on how to identify and prevent plagiarism, including the use of AI-generated text.
  • Raise awareness through seminars and workshops: Organize seminars or workshops to raise awareness about the use of AI-generated text, and the importance of original work in the academic setting.
  • Collaborate with other schools and organizations: Collaborate with other schools and organizations to share information and resources on how to identify and prevent plagiarism, including the use of AI-generated text.
  • Keep teachers and instructors updated: Keep teachers and instructors updated on the latest advancements in AI-generated text and plagiarism detection tools, and how they can use them in their classrooms.
  • Encourage responsible use of AI-generated text: Educate teachers and instructors about the responsible use of AI-generated text and the importance of original work in the academic setting.

By taking these steps, schools, universities and other educational institutions can help to increase teachers’ and instructors’ awareness about the use of AI-generated text in student assignments and help them to set clear guidelines and expectations for original work.

In conclusion, ChatGPT is a powerful language model that can be useful for generating text quickly and in a wide range of styles and languages. However, it is important to keep in mind that it does not have the ability to produce original text and it may not have a deep understanding of the topic or the audience. Also, it may lack context and understanding of the intent of the input. It is crucial for students, teachers and instructors to use ChatGPT and other language models as a tool to support their own efforts, rather than as a replacement for their own writing abilities. It is also important to proofread and revise the text, and to use plagiarism detection software and other tools to ensure that the text is original. Teachers and instructors should also set clear guidelines and expectations for original work, and use plagiarism detection software and other tools to check for matching text between student’s work and ChatGPT or other language model generated text.

Note: This article is written by ChatGPT, an AI-based language model developed by OpenAI, based on prompts and information provided by Joko Gunawan during our conversation.

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